Fluid retention in the body
Sometimes the body may start to swell, not because of obesity, but simply because of a condition called fluid retention. What is this condition and what do you know about it?
Fluid retention in the body - as the name implies - results from fluids stuck in the body tissues, especially in skin and skin tissues, and in this case there are many types, causes and treatments, so let us know them below.
Symptoms of fluid retention
The symptoms that appear are dependent on the underlying cause of the condition, but symptoms such as bloating and pain are common.
A person with dropsy may notice the following symptoms:
Swelling in the body, stretching and luster in the skin.
The skin does not return to normal after pressing it for several seconds.
Significant swelling of the ankles, face and eyes.
Pain in some parts of the body, especially the abdominal area, and stiffness in the joints.
Significant weight gain or loss.
Swelling of the arteries in the neck and hands.
Increased heart rate and high blood pressure.
A change in the number of times and dates of discharge from normal.
Nausea and vomiting.
Confusion and lethargy.
Symptoms vary from person to person depending on the type of edema and the affected part of the body.
Types of fluid retention
This medical condition has many types, each of which comes as an indication of a group of different health problems, here are some of them:
Peripheral edema: This affects the ankles, feet, hands, and arms. Symptoms include swelling and some difficulties in moving certain parts of the body.
Pulmonary edema: Here additional fluids accumulate in the lungs, making the normal breathing process difficult. This condition may result in another health problem called congestive heart failure, which can lead to respiratory failure or even death.
Group edema (Cerebral edema): This type of edema affects the brain, and the cause is often a very serious health condition, and its symptoms are: headache, pain or stiffness in the neck, total or partial loss of vision, noticeable changes in the psychological state, nausea, vomiting, And dizzy.
Macular edema: This is a serious condition that is considered a complication and complication caused by diabetic retinopathy. Here, swelling occurs in the retinal spot, which helps to make the person see the images clear, and the person may notice changes in the way colors are seen, for example.
Other parts of the body may have edema, but the above areas are the most common.
Causes of fluid retention
There are many causes and health conditions that may result in fluid retention, such as the following:
1- Heart failure
If one of the four major parts of the heart is unable to pump blood well, the blood begins to collect in and around the rib area, causing edema.
2- Kidney diseases
Dysfunction in the kidneys may cause problems related to getting rid of excess fluids and sodium from the blood, which puts additional pressure on the blood vessels, so some fluids begin to leak from them, which leads to swelling in areas such as the eyes and feet.
3- Liver diseases
Liver cirrhosis affects its normal functions negatively, and may cause a change in the hormones the body produces to regulate fluids and the processes of producing proteins. What happens here causes some fluid to leak out of the blood vessels and transfer it to the surrounding tissues.
4- Take certain medications
Some medicines may increase your chances of fluid retention, such as:
Extended medications for veins and arteries.
Calcium channel blockers.
Some chemical treatments.
Some diabetes medications.
During pregnancy, the following things happen:
The body releases hormones that stimulate fluid retention, and the body of a pregnant woman generally tends to retain more amounts of sodium and fluids than usual, so a pregnant woman may notice swelling in certain areas of her body such as the face, hands, and feet.
A pregnant woman lying horizontally may cause the expanding uterus to compress a specific vein called the inferior vena cava, affecting the blood vessels in the groin, causing fluid retention.
The body of a pregnant woman is more susceptible to the formation of blood clots than before, which increases the risk of a pregnant woman suffering from deep vein thrombosis, which is one of the causes of fluid retention.
Eclampsia (high blood pressure for a pregnant woman) can cause fluid retention in pregnant women.
6- The diet used
Some eating habits may increase your chances of fluid retention, such as:
Excessive intake of sodium and salt.
Persistent malnutrition and starvation.
Consuming some of the necessary vitamins in too few proportions, such as the B1, B6, and B5 vitamins.
People with diabetes may experience some complications and complications, such as:
Liver or kidney failure.
These, along with some diabetes medications, may cause fluid retention.
8- Certain health conditions in the brain
Various injuries to the head.
A stroke or stroke.
Some types of allergies or insect pills (especially in people who are allergic to certain insects) may cause swelling, swelling and fluid retention, and this may cause swelling of the throat with which the person becomes unable to breathe.
10- Other factors
Many other things can cause fluid retention, such as:
Refrain from moving completely for long periods of time for sick reasons.
Burns of all kinds.
Inflammation or ulcers.
Menstrual period or the period before the menstrual cycle.
Menopause and menopause.
Treating fluid retention in the body
Treatment depends on the nature of the condition and the cause behind it.
Tips for containing and reducing fluid retention
Here are some steps that may help you relieve fluid retention:
Reducing salt intake.
Excess weight loss if possible.
Lift the feet between one view and another.
Performing aerobic exercise even in a simple way
Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time.
Follow a consistent routine when it comes to sleeping and waking up while traveling.
Avoid extreme thermal conditions, such as a sauna.
Warm the body well in cold weather.