Right ventricular hypertrophy
Have you ever heard about right ventricular hypertrophy? In this article, we will provide the most important information that interests you on this topic.
The heart consists of four chambers: two upper, the left and right atria, in addition to the two lower ones, the left and right ventricles. The right ventricle pumps non-oxidizing blood into the lung to get rid of carbon dioxide.
While the left ventricle pumps oxidized blood through the aorta to the rest of the body.
Any factor that affects the blood circulation process in the pulmonary artery, will negatively affect the blood pumping process normally, which leads to excess pressure on the right ventricular wall; As a result of returning part of this blood to him.
This excess pressure causes the right ventricular muscles to increase abnormally, and in the end leads to the right ventricular hypertrophy.
Causes of right ventricular hypertrophy
The right ventricular hypertrophy is usually associated with diseases related to the lungs or the structure and functions of the heart, such as:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Pulmonary valve stenosis.
Cardiac fibrosis (Cardiac fibrosis).
Tetralogy of Fallot syndrome: A rare congenital disease that results in four cardiac abnormalities, including right ventricular hypertrophy.
Ventricular septal defect: An opening between the right and left ventricles wall.
Atrial septal defect.
Tricuspid valve regurgitation.
Symptoms of right ventricular hypertrophy
Most of the time, no symptoms of right ventricular enlargement may appear, as the left ventricle tries to compensate for the damage. Therefore, the patient may not know the fact of his illness until the condition develops and some symptoms appear, such as:
Pain and heaviness in the chest.
Fluid accumulation and bloating (Edema).
shortness of breath.
If you experience symptoms similar to the above, it is best to consult a doctor as soon as possible. To perform the necessary tests and verify the reasons for the appearance of these symptoms.
Treatment of right ventricular hypertrophy
Currently, there is no treatment that will permanently eliminate inflation and return the heart to normal. However, the treatment mechanism depends on identifying the cause of inflation and its treatment. To stop inflation and ensure that the situation does not develop for the worst.
If the main cause is arterial hypertension, the doctor may prescribe some medications to expand the artery and reduce high blood pressure.
If the patient has an arrhythmia, the doctor may put in place a Pacemaker to help the heart beat regularly.
There is a possibility to prevent the disease from worsening, by moving away from factors that increase heart fatigue, such as: