The causes of corns and different treatment methods
What is corns or corns?
Foot Corn, also known by the name of the meat nail, is usually accompanied by another condition called callus, and the two cases are a hard and rough crust that forms on a small part of the skin in the soles of the foot or on top of or between the toes, usually this problem occurs in the foot as a result Excess friction or pressure more than usual, as a response from the body to defend itself against this excess pressure.
Usually this problem is not considered a serious condition that you should worry about, but if you have diabetes, or you have poor blood circulation in the feet, you should consult a doctor immediately if the corn appears in order to avoid any complications that may occur to you because of it.
Causes of corns
There are many causes that lead to this condition, most of which are caused by unhealthy habits that can be easily avoided, as follows:
Wearing shoes that are not suitable for your foot is one of the most common causes of nail flesh, especially tight shoes that have parts that cause pressure on the foot or friction, so we find that women are more likely to be injured because of wearing high-heeled shoes.
Walk, run, or stand for long periods.
Excessive exercise or physical activities that cause excess pressure on the feet.
Walk barefoot without shoes.
Not wearing socks or wearing inappropriate socks with edges that cause friction in the foot.
Walking the wrong way is putting pressure on one side of the foot.
Risk factors and people who are most affected by the nail
Anyone who practices unhealthy walking habits or as we mentioned before wearing inappropriate shoes is susceptible to injury, but there are people who are at risk of infection even while wearing appropriate shoes such as:
With hammer finger status.
People with a toe tumor.
People with other foot problems, such as the bone bone in the heel.
People with a problem with the bone structure of the feet from birth.
Complications of corns
Usually serious complications do not occur (except in the case of diabetics and poor blood circulation, which requires special follow-up with the doctor as mentioned earlier), but if this condition is not treated or if available treatments fail, the disease may spread to a larger area and become more painful Which causes difficulty in walking and movement for a longer period.
Treating toenail for good
Of course, treatment of your flesh nail will depend on your symptoms and the reasons your doctor determines. Here are the available treatments:
Treating toenail at home
Put your foot in warm water for 5 to 10 minutes until your skin is smooth.
Use a gentle foot stone on the affected area to scrub the skin gently to remove dead skin, but beware not to use it violently and remove a large layer of skin so as not to cause bleeding.
After that, apply a moisturizing cream to the affected area, choose a cream containing urea and salicylic acid or ammonium lactate, which smoothes the skin over time.
Treat corns from the pharmacy
This method is also called a cauterizing nail treatment, where you can use drugs that contain salicylic acid (which is a caustic chemical for dead tissue). These medications are in the form of topical products such as drops, adhesives, or topical creams, but if you are not experienced in applying them Only on affected areas, you can accidentally apply it to uninfected areas of the skin, causing inflammation.
Once again, we should warn diabetics not to apply these treatments themselves unless after consulting a doctor about a possible diabetic foot.
Prevention of corns
There are wrong habits first that you must get rid of, and other healthy habits that you must follow in order to completely get rid of the meat nail, and also to protect yourself from infection in the future, such as:
Choose shoes that are appropriate for the size and shape of your foot, and that do not have sharp edges that cause pressure and friction on your foot.
When purchasing a new shoe, shop at the end of the day. Staying outside for a long time will swell the foot and become larger than normal, and when you go to measure a new shoe you will make sure that it is a suitable measurement for the condition of the foot while it is swollen.
Never wear shoes without socks if you always have toenails, and choose socks without sharp sewing.
Always cut your nails and trim them, for long nails take up an area of the shoe, which pushes your feet up inside the shoe, thus causing pressure on them.
Never use a sharp object to cut or try to remove a nail or callus, as this only brings you pain and more infections in the affected area.
If you feel pain, apply cold compresses to the injury site for 10 to 20 minutes to reduce swelling and pain.